Kaifeng drum tower, known as the earliest drum tower in China, was built in the 12th year of hongwu in the Ming dynasty (1379). The platform of the drum tower is three feet high, with brick urn doors leading to the east - west avenue. Two floors were built on the platform, three each, about seven feet above the ground. The upper deck is surrounded by verandah railing. The south shelf upstairs has a huge cowhide drum one side, about 1 meter in diameter, deep and thick sound, can pass dozens of miles. East and west eave each hang a huge plaque, west eaves under the forehead topic "sound in the sky", east eaves under the forehead topic "no distant fu session". Henan didang jiuzhou, kaifeng in central henan, and drum tower in the center of kaifeng, no wonder the drum tower of the plaque should be entitled "sound in the sky." And the sound of the drum here, of course, is "not far". Kaifeng drum tower is so magnificent that only the later xi 'an bell tower can be comparable to it. Therefore, it is said that "the Chinese bell tower is in xi 'an and the drum tower is in kaifeng".
Tang gulou, written by feng yingtai, a qing man, is a seven-character rhyme poem. With the prosperity of liangyuan among the ruins, the song family discussed the autumn wind. Ground zhong songyue thousands of layers of green, danger span the Yellow River ancient rainbow. Xing can not bear the feeling of overlooking, anvil and moving the sun - red." The difference between "poetic sentiment" and "reality" is too great. It was not a square, but a tall building, the drum tower. According to the records of kaifeng shengji, the city's original clock, drum, the second floor, east to west, to report faint dawn, legend for the song taizu founded. Long ago, the second floor of the bell and drum of the song dynasty was gone. At the beginning of Ming dynasty, the second floor of bell and drum was built on the second floor of zhong and gu in song dynasty.
The riddle of mre
The original drum tower hanging on the "sound in the sky" and "no distant fu session" eight big characters, each word about 1 meter square, are regular script, very strong writing. Among them, "sound shock in the sky" four big characters, more at home and abroad calligraphers praise, and drum tower enjoys a reputation. For hundreds of years, all letters to mutuality of all without exception to this view, but in this has been hailed as a "loud sound" calligraphy in his four characters by which people, has been debated, is the ancient city of kaifeng a modest "cold case".
"Loud sound" plaques on TiKuan, with the above as "emperor kangxi emperor 18 years time JiSi JiChun day, exhausting the book" the governor of henan and other places the prefect military affairs and henan DouChaYuan right pair are empire xuan yan town development, set ". In the 15 years of chongzhen of the Ming dynasty (1642), kaifeng was covered by the Yellow River, and the gulou dilapidated, leaving only the old site. In the twenty-eighth year of kangxi of the qing dynasty (1689), yan xingbang, governor of henan province, organized the reconstruction. The inscription on the board can only explain the reconstruction, but it can't say that "in the sonorous sky" is yan's book.
As there is no book on the plaque, there are many legends. According to the logic of ordinary people, these legends are mostly about non-celebrities, because people assume that if it is a celebrity, it will be a famous name. In the early years, it was said that the four astonishing characters in the "sound shock" were written by the hand of a warder who died of exhaustion from exhaustion. In the 1930s, there were new legends. It was said that liu zhi was imprisoned for taking drugs during the reign of emperor yu. The secretary, well aware of his master's reputation, asked to speak to him alone. Secretary said: I write "sound in the sky" 4 words can exceed drum tower 4 words, with the name of the chairman. Liu zhi acquiesced in sending someone to replace the original plaque in the late night after the secretary's book. Later, the secretary shamed herself of not being able to write high, and replaced the original plaque. By the 1950s, when Mr. Li cun was writing a biography of famous places of interest in kaifeng, he said that these four words were written by meng ding, a scholar of qiqi county. In the early 1980s, according to jin xuan, a famous calligrapher, these characters were said to have been written by jin biao songsuo. According to Mr. Kong xianyi, the four characters were written by yuan shun, a native of the city. Qianlong traveled to kaifeng in henan province to see the plaque and said it was recorded in the county annals.
A large plaque on the top of the original drum tower, "in the sound of the sky", has been divided into a "case pending". It wasn't until recent years that there was an answer. It is said that as early as the early 1930s, when the drum tower was repaired, the plaque was removed from the "sound in the sky". Its words were imposing and its structure was beautiful. At that time, many people gathered to admire, someone asked the central plains photo studio on beibookstore street to take a picture, and two days later the plaque was put back on the drum tower. Later, the drum tower and the plaque were destroyed in the war, and the only remaining negative was kept in Mr. Aragon's home. Over the years, Mr. Artemisia has kept a close eye on his calligraphy friends, and when they come home to play, he just shows them the negatives, never washes them. Now, the only film has been donated by Mr. Mugwort to China's han yuan. Mr. Gong tao personally designated to wash, enlarge and engrave the monument, and set it up in China's hanyuan garden, so that the "sound in the sky" will be restored.